(Bio Technology, Nano Technology & Other Sunrise Sectors)
Kerala, nurtured by Western Ghats is a land of biodiversity. The Western Ghat, one of the 25 biodiversity hotpots in the world, has got over 5,000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species and 179 amphibian species. A minimum of 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats. Biological sources are important as various industrial materials like fibers, dyes, rubber and oil are derived from them.
The industrial policy of the State seeks to set up a State-Level Task Force to coordinate the efforts of the Department of Industries and other developmental agencies and R & D centres for the integral development of Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and other knowledge industries in the State.
The State has already established its presence in the frontiers of biotechnology with the setting up of the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram and the Tropical Botanical garden and Research Institute at Palode, Thiruvananthapuram.
As per the industrial policy of the State, , KSIDC is setting up a world class Life Sciences Park, Bio360, in Thiruvananthapuram to attract FDI in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, biotechnology, nanotechnology etc., especially in core activities like manufacturing, R & D and clinical development.
The State has also taken some decisive steps to encourage research and industrial adaptation of advancing sciences such as nanotechnology. The University of Kerala has set up a Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. It offers academic programmes in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and is in the process of establishing state-of-the-art laboratories for research in the area of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, in-depth research work and thereby generation of manpower in this area.